Argument: 14th Amendment permits denying voting rights to criminals

Issue Report: Prisoners right to vote


Alex Kozinski, J.D. , Circuit Judge, U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals. Dissent (PDF) in Farrakhan v. State of Washington. February 24, 2006 – “Unlike any other voting qualification, felon disenfranchisement laws are explicitly endorsed by the text of the Fourteenth Amendment. […] They are presumptively constitutional. Only a narrow subset of them – those enacted with an invidious, racially discriminatory purpose – is unconstitutional.”